In other words, if you know somebodys a woman, youre more likely to approve her request than you would be on the merits alone. We cant quantify exactly how much this is, because the paper doesnt provide numbers, just graphs. Eyeballing the graph, it looks like being a woman gives you about a 1 advantage. I dont see any discussion of this result, even though its half the study, and as far as I can tell the more statistically significant half. Among outsiders, women do the same as/better than men when gender is hidden, and the same as/worse than men when gender is revealed. I cant be more specific than this because the study doesnt give numbers and Im trying to eyeball confidence intervals on graphs. The study itself say that women do worse than men when gender is revealed, so since the researchers presumably have access to their real numbers data, that might mean the confidence intervals dont overlap. From eyeballing the graph, it looks like the difference is 1 ie, men get their requests approved 64 of the time, and women 63 of the time.
I need help with
This is a little harder than it sounds people on GitHub use nicks that dont always give gender cues but the researchers wrote a program to automatically link contributor emails to google Plus pages so they could figure out users genders. This alone cant rule out that one gender is genuinely doing something differently than another, so they had another neat trick: they wrote another program that automatically scored accounts on obvious gender cues: for example, somebody whose nickname was JaneSmith01, or somebody who had. By comparing obviously gendered participants with non-obviously gendered participants whom the researchers had nevertheless been able to find the gender of, they should be able to tell whether theres gender bias in request acceptances. Because gitHub is big and their study is automated, they manage to get a really nice sample size about.5 million pull requests by men and 150,000 by women. They find that women get more (!) requests accepted than men for all of the top ten programming languages. They check some possible confounders whether women make smaller changes (easier to get accepted) or whether their changes are more likely to serve an immediate project need (again, easier to get accepted) and in fact find the opposite womens changes are larger and less likely. That makes their better performance extra and impressive. So the big question is whether this changes based on obviousness of gender. The paper doesnt give a lot of the analyses essay I want to see, and doesnt make its data public, so well have to go with the limited information they provide. They do not provide an analysis of the population as a whole (!) but they do give us a subgroup analysis by insider status, ie whether the person has contributed to that project before. Among insiders, women do the same as men when gender is hidden, but better than men when gender is revealed.
Read my original post here: dear jk rowling, Im concerned about the American wizarding School and the one from yesterday: Magic in North America: The harry potter franchise veers too close to home and the writing Im responding to: Pottermore. Another day, another study purporting to find that Tech Is Sexist. Since its showing up here, you probably already guessed how this is going to end. Most of this analysis is not original to me hacker News had figured a lot of it out before i even woke up this morning but I think itll at least be helpful to collect all the information in one easily linkable place. The study is, gender bias In Open source: Pull Request Acceptance Of Women. Its a pretty neat idea: pull requests are discrete units of contribution to an open source project which are either accepted or rejected by the community, so just review check which ones are submitted by men. Women and whether one gender gets a higher acceptance rate than the other.
My twitter mentions have been exploding non-stop all day, with the typical accusations of my oversensitivity and asking if i understand that Harry potter is fictional, and more directed hate telling me my doctorate is being misused and Im an idiot. In addition are the crew who would love to know the real history of these resume concepts (again, not for you to know or are so grateful that jk rowling is introducing them to these ideas for the first time. This is not the way to learn about or be introduced to contemporary and living Native cultures. Also worthy of note is that Rowling is known for responding directly to fan questions on twitter, and overall being accessible to her fan base. Despite thousands of tweets directed at her about these concerns, she has not addressed it at all. The silence is noted, and its deafening. So this is the first day of the writings, i truly shudder thinking about the glossy way that first contact and subsequent genocide is going to be addressed.
Wands channel magic so as to make its effects both more precise and more powerful, although it is generally held to be a mark of the very greatest witches and wizards that they have also been able to produce wandless magic of a very high. As the native american Animagi and potion-makers demonstrated, wandless magic can attain great complexity, but Charms and Transfiguration are very difficult without one. This whole wandless magic thing is bugging. So rowling has said multiple times that it takes a lot more skill to perform magic without a wand (Dumbledore does it at several points in the books but points out that wands are what basically refines magic. Wands are a european invention, so basically shes demonstrating Eurocentric superiority herethe introduction of European technology helps bring the native wizards to a new level. Aka colonial narrative 101. The response online today has been awful.
How to Write
What happens when Rowling pulls this in, is we as Native people are now opened up to a barrage of questions about these beliefs and traditions (take a look at my twitter mentions if you dont believe me)but these are not things that need or should. Im sorry if that seems unfair, but thats how our cultures survive. The other piece here is that Rowling is completely re-writing these traditions. Traditions that come from a particular context, place, understanding, and truth. These things are not misunderstood wizards. Not by any stretch of the imagination.
Here is how Rowling responded to questions online about the term: and here was my response: I industrial have more to say, but Ill end with extended this. These are things you dont mess with. So good luck with that. The native american wizarding community was particularly gifted in animal and plant magic, its potions in particular being of a sophistication beyond much that was known in Europe. The most glaring difference between magic practised by native americans and the wizards of Europe was the absence of a wand. The magic wand originated in Europe.
Audra simpson calls an ethnographic refusal, a calculus ethnography of what you need to know and what I refuse to write. In her work with her own community, she asks herself the questions: what am I revealing here and why? Where will this get us? Who benefits from this and why? I had a long phone call with one of my friends/mentors today, who is navajo, asking her about the concepts Rowling is drawing upon here, and discussing how to best talk about this in a culturally appropriate way that can help you (the reader, and. What did I decide?
That you dont need to know. Its not for you to know. I am performing a refusal. What you do need to know is that the belief of these things (beings?) has a deep and powerful place in navajo understandings of the world. It is connected to many other concepts and many other ceremonial understandings and lifeways. It is not just a scary story, or something to tell kids to get them to behave, its much deeper than that. My own community also has shape-shifters, but Im not delving into that either.
Don t give into peer pressure essay / Nabokov essays
One of the largest fights in the world of representations is to recognize native people s and communitie s and culture s are diverse, complex, and vastly different from one another. There is no such thing as one native american anything. Even in a fictional wizarding world. The legend of the native american skin walker an evil witch or wizard that can transform into an animal at will spondylolisthesis has its basis in fact. A legend grew up around the native american Animagi, that they had sacrificed close family members to gain their powers of transformation. In fact, the majority of Animagi assumed animal forms to escape persecution or to hunt for the tribe. Such derogatory rumours often originated with no-maj medicine men, who were sometimes faking magical powers themselves, and fearful of exposure. So, this is where Im going to perform what.
Also, america didnt exist during this timeframe. The native american magical community plan and those of Europe and Africa had known about each other long before the immigration of European no-majs in the seventeenth century. They were already aware of the many similarities between their communities. Certain families were clearly magical, and magic also appeared unexpectedly in families where hitherto there had been no known witch or wizard. The overall ratio of wizards to non-wizards seemed consistent across populations, as did the attitudes of no-majs, wherever they were born. In the native american community, some witches and wizards were accepted and even lauded within their tribes, gaining reputations for healing as medicine men, or outstanding hunters. However, others were stigmatised for their beliefs, often on the basis that they were possessed by malevolent spirits. The, native american community. Oh man that loaded the.
twitter timeline is even worse. Ill talk about that after I walk you through the text. Because, like with everything I critique, its not just the itself, its the response, how its used, and the impact. This has the perfect storm of all of those categories. I really could write a dissertation about this, but I have a million papers to grade and work to do, so a quick rundown: Part 1 of Minna, the 14th to 17th century, starts with this: Though European explorers called it the new World when. Various modes of magical travel brooms and Apparition among them not to mention visions and premonitions, meant that even far-flung wizarding communities were in contact with each other from the middle Ages onwards. So first off, were centering Europeans, calling brutal colonizers benign explorers (yes, its written for children, but I dont think anyone would argue the hp canon is absent of intense violence. Im just fascinated to see how Rowling will address the brutality and complexity of colonization in the next stage).
0 likes 0 comment 957 views poetry june 14, 2017. Gostaria da 2 via de seu boleto ou cópia de sua nota fiscal? . Você pode solicitar a segunda via de seu boleto através do e-mail: E a cópia de sua NFe através do e-mail: Estaremos sempre à sua disposição! Yesterday i wrote about the trailer for jk rowlings new multi-part background pieces on Pottermore, entitled Magic in North America. You should read the post here if you need context. Even before that, back in June, i wrote about my concerns really with the bringing of the magic universe to the States. You can read that here. So this morning at 9am, part one of this mess was released.
Ang tunay na kahulugan ng pagmamahal sa akin essay