During that festival, myanmar people throw water over friends, and even strangers on the streets. Even foreigners and all other believers can participate in this merriest festival of myanmar. Decorated stages (Mandats floats, music, songs, and dances are the symbols of Thingyan. Everyone can see those pleasant sights and scenes or he may opt for religious meritorious acts or just enjoy rest and recreation in festive atmosphere. Pouring water in 'new year' is believed to cleanse the body and mind of evils of the year that was left behind. People, especially youths, throw sprinkling scented water over dear friends. All the playing and jesting go with the spirit of the surrounding climate.
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Archived from the original on Retrieved "A Special Thingyan meal". Retrieved o tern moeng (1995). Embassy of the republic of the Union of myanmar, new Delhi. Embassy of the republic of the Union of myanmar, new Delhi, india. AuthorMessage, admin, admin, number of posts : 81, localisation : New Delhi. Registration date :, subject: 12 Monthly myanmar Festivals, mon Feb 16, 2009 7:14. Tankhu (Tagu april, marathi myanmar New year -a harmonious blend of folklore and Buddhism. The myanmar New year falls on the second week of April. It usually starts from the 13th of April as it is according to the myanmar calendar. The new year is ushered in by four days of Water Throwing Festival. This festival is called Thingyan which means Change.
New York: Norton Library 1963. ko thet (June 2006). "Laughing All the way to Prison". Archived from the original. "In myanmar, celebrating Water, essay letting Off Steam in the new York times, April 20, 2009,. A11 a b c d e feng, yingqiu. "Ethnic style of celebrating water festival inherited in myanmar".
7 Shan State - good the Shan people call Thingyan "Sangkyan" and prepare a steamed sweetmeat called khaw mun haw made of glutinous rice flour and jaggery, wrapped in banana leaf. 9 This is offered to neighbors as a gift of goodwill. In Chittagong Hill Tracts, the south-eastern part of Bangladesh, marma people organize water pouring stages in their villages. The main participants are young boys and girls. Apart from water pouring, they also visit the monastery to make special offerings and pray for well-being in the coming year. Marmas commonly follow the lunar calendar produced in rakhine state of myanmar. See also edit references edit a b c Min kyaw Min. a b c Shway yoe (Sir James george Scott) 1882. The burman - his Life and Notions.
On the new year's day, people make food donations called satuditha at various places. They typically provide free food to those participating in the new year's celebrations. Regional traditions edit rakhine State - the rakhine people have three unique customs that form Thingyan, namely the nantha grinding ceremony, the nantha pouring ceremony and the water festival. 7 On the evening of New year's eve, rakhine girls assemble to grind blocks of nantha sandalwood (used as a traditional cosmetic in Burma) on a kyaukpyin (a flat, circular stone used to grind sandalwood as part of a competition. 7 The following morning, the rakhine visit monasteries and pagodas to offer the ground nantha to buddha statues, as a gesture of ushering the new year. 7 Mon State - as part of Thingyan traditions, the mon people offer a festive dish called Thingyan rice, which consists of rice, dried snakehead fish, a generous sprinkle of fried onions, a few flakes of beeswax and served alongside a salad of unripe green. 7 8 Tanintharyi region - the bamar of Dawei and myeik pay respects to elders and provide free meals to accompany Thaman kyar dance performances.
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In major cities such as Yangon and Mandalay, rakhine Thingyan can also be experienced as rakhine residents of the city celebrate in their own tradition. Water is scooped from a long boat laung hlei ) to throw at revellers and rakhine mohinga is served. New year's wallpaper day edit a pickup truck full of revelers is doused with water on the streets of taunggyi, shan State. The next day is New year's day hnit hsan ta yet nei ). It is a time for people to visit the elders and pay obeisance by gadaw (also called shihko ) with a traditional offering of water in a terracotta pot and shampoo. Young people perform hairwashing for the elderly often in the traditional manner with shampoo beans ( Acacia rugata ) and bark.
Many make new year resolutions, generally in the mending of ways and doing meritorious deeds for their karma. Releasing fish nga hlut pwè ) is another time-honoured tradition on this day; fish are rescued from lakes and rivers drying up under the hot sun, then kept in huge glazed earthen pots and jars before releasing into larger lakes and rivers with a prayer. 3 Thingyan a-hka dwin ) is also a favourite time for shinbyu, novitiation ceremonies for boys in the tradition of Theravada buddhism when they will join the monks ( Sangha ) and spend a short time, perhaps longer, in a monastery immersed in the teachings. It is akin to rites of passage or coming of age ceremonies in other religions. Myanmar girls perform the myanmar traditional yein dance with myanmar dress in the opening ceremony of the mandalay thingyan Festival,2012.
Some overenthusiastic young lads may get captured by women, who often are their main target, and become kids of a practical joke with soot from cooking pots smeared on their faces. Maidens from mandat s with dozens of garden hoses exchange hundreds of gallons of water with throngs of revelers and one float after another. Many revellers carry towels to block the jet of water getting into the ear and for modesty's sake as they get thoroughly soaked and drenched in their light summer clothes. The odd prankster might use ice water and a drive-by splash with this would provoke shrieks of surprise followed by laughs from its victims. Pwè (performances) by puppeteers, orchestras, yein dance troupes, comedians, film stars and singers including modern pop groups are commonplace during this festival. Modern-day celebrations edit during the water Festival, the myanmar government relaxes the restrictions on gatherings.
5 In the former capital, yangon, the government permits crowds to gather on the kandawgyi pat Lann and Kabaraye roads. Temporary water-spraying stations, known as pandals are set up, and double as dance floors. Many of these pavilions are sponsored by rich and powerful families and businesses 6 Modern day water Festival celebrations in Yangon The third day is called a-kyat nei and there may be two of them, an extra day in certain years. The fourth is known as a-tet nei when Thagya min returns to the heavens, the last day of the water festival. Some would throw water at people late into the day making an excuse such as "Thagya min left his pipe and has come back for it"! Over the long festive holiday, a time-honoured tradition is mont lone yeibaw glutinous rice balls with jaggery ( palm sugar ) inside thrown into boiling water in a huge wok and served as soon as they resurface which gave it the name. 1 All the young men and women help in making it and all are welcome, but watch out for some prankster putting a birdseye chilli inside instead of jaggery for a laugh! Mont let saung is another refreshing Thingyan snack, bits of sticky rice with toasted sesame in jaggery syrup and coconut milk. They are both served with grated coconut.
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At a given signal, a cannon (Thingyan a-hmyauk ) is fired and people come out with pots of water and sprigs of thabyay, then pour the water onto the ground with a prayer. A prophecy for the new year thingyan sa ) will have been announced by the brahmins ( ponna ) and this is based on what animal Thagya min will be riding on his way down and what he might carry in his hand. 3 Children will be told that if they biography have been good Thagya min will take their names down in a golden book but if they have been naughty their names will go into a dog book! Serious water throwing does not begin until a-kya nei in most of the country although there are resume exceptions to the rule. Traditionally, thingyan involved the sprinkling of scented water in a silver bowl using sprigs of thabyay ( Jambul a practice that continues to be prevalent in rural areas. The sprinkling of water was intended to metaphorically "wash away" one's sins of the previous year. In major cities such as Yangon, garden hoses, huge syringes made of bamboo, brass or plastic, water pistols and other devices from which water can be squirted are used in addition to the gentler bowls and cups, but water balloons and even fire hoses have. It is the hottest time of the year and a good dousing is welcomed by most. Everyone is fair game except monks and obviously pregnant women.
Padauk blooms only one day each year during Thingyan and is popularly known as the "Thingyan flower". Large crowds of revellers, on foot, bicycles and motorbikes, and in opentop jeeps and trucks, will do the rounds of all the mandat, some making their own music and most of the womenfolk wearing thanaka and padauk. Floats, gaily decorated and lit up, also with festive names and carrying an orchestra as well as dozens of amorous young men on each of them, will roam the streets stopping at every mandat exchanging songs specially written for the festival including the Thingyan classics. 4 It is indeed a time for letting go, a major safety valve for stress and simmering discontent. There will be the usual spate of accidents and incidents from drink driving or just reckless driving in crowded streets full of revellers and all manner of vehicles, as well as drunkenness, arguments and brawling and which the authorities have to be prepared for at this. Generally however friendliness and goodwill prevail along with some boisterous jollity. Typical season flowers, burmese padauks ( Pterocarpus macrocarpus flowering during Thingyan Water Festival edit The next day called a-kya nei is when Thingyan truly arrives as Thagyamin makes his descent from his celestial abode to earth.
The eve of Thingyan, the first day of the festival called a-kyo nei (in myanmar, is the start of a variety. Buddhists are expected to observe the eight Precepts, 2 more than the basic five precepts, including having only one meal before noon. Thingyan is a time when uposatha observance days, similar to the Christian sabbath, are held. Alms and offerings are laid before monks in their monasteries and offerings of a green coconut with its stalk intact encircled by bunches of green bananas (, nga pyaw pwè oun pwè ) and sprigs of thabyay ( syzygium cumini ) before the buddha images. In ancient times, burmese kings had a hair-washing ceremony with clear pristine water from gaungsay kyun (Shampoo island a small rocky outcrop of an island in the gulf of Martaban near Mawlamyine. 3 Mandalay legendary Thingyan float myoma arrives to perform in front of Mandalay city hall in Mandalay, myanmar on by nightfall, the real fun begins with music, song and dance, merrymaking and general gaiety in anticipation of the water festival. In every neighbourhood pavilions or stages, with festive names and made from bamboo, wood and beautifully decorated papier mache, have sprung up overnight. Local belles have been rehearsing for weeks and even years, in the run-up to the great event in song and dance in chorus lines, each band of girls uniformly dressed in colourful tops and skirts and garlanded in flowers and tinsel. They wear fragrant thanaka - a paste of the ground bark of Murraya paniculata which acts as both sunblock and astringent - on their faces, and sweet-scented yellow padauk ( Pterocarpus macrocarpus ) blossoms in their hair.
Sinhalese new year and the, bihu festival of, assam. A, rakhine girl pours water at revelers during Thingyan. Yangon, contents, history edit, thingyan is originated from the, buddhist version. The king of Brahmas called Arsi, lost a wager to the king of devas, śakra ( Thagya min who decapitated Arsi as agreed but the head of an elephant was put onto the Brahma's body who then became ganesha. The Brahma was so powerful that if the head were thrown into the sea it would dry up immediately. If it were thrown onto land it would be scorched. If it were thrown up into the air the sky would burst into flames. Sakra therefore ordained that the Brahma's head be carried by one princess devi after another taking turns for a year each.words
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Thingyan burmese : ; mlcts : sangkran, θɪɴdʑàɴ ; Arakanese : θɔɴkràɴ ; from, sanskrit sakrānti, which means "transit of the spondylolisthesis sun from Pisces to Aries" 1 ) is the burmese new year Festival and usually falls around mid-April. It is a buddhist festival celebrated over a period of four to five days, culminating in the new year. The dates of the Thingyan Festival are calculated according to the. The dates of the festival are observed as public holidays throughout. Myanmar, and are part of the summer holidays at the end of the school year. Water-throwing or dousing one another from any shape or form of vessel or device that delivers water is the distinguishing feature of this festival and may be done on the first four days of the festival. Thingyan is comparable to other festivities in the region such as the. Songkran in laos, the, songkran in Thailand, the, cambodian New year, the.